What happens to the body if you drink alcohol on an empty stomach?

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Alcoholic beverages invigorate, relax and put a person in a state of euphoria. Therefore, it often turns out that alcohol is taken on an empty stomach – first we drink and then eat.

There are four stages of alcohol intoxication, which differ significantly in the state of a person and his perception of reality.

The first stage – mild intoxication

The concentration of ethyl alcohol in the blood varies from 0.3 to 1.5 ppm. This stage is characterized by a comfortable state when the muscles relax and heat spreads throughout the body. This is because alcohol causes vasodilation in the skin, increasing blood flow. The mood quickly becomes optimistic, especially if the alcohol is drunk on an empty stomach. You start looking at people and things around you through rose-colored glasses. The problem remains in the background.

The second stage – medium intoxication

The concentration of ethyl alcohol in the blood is from 1.5 to 2.5 ppm. Love of neighbor dissipates as suddenly as it appears. The ppm content of the blood has increased to the middle stage, which means that you can expect slurred speech, rudeness, loss of coordination and a wobbly gait. Even people who are peaceful by nature at this stage can turn into the “Do you respect me?!” category. and show aggression.

A person loses his sense of danger, his mood changes quickly, his actions are difficult to predict. This is due to the fact that ethyl alcohol has different effects on different types of nerve cells.

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The third stage – severe intoxication

The concentration of ethyl alcohol in the blood is from 2.5 to 3 ppm. At this stage, speech becomes almost unreadable, phrases are meaningless. The gait is not just shaky, it is often accompanied by falls. The eyes can double in size, the pain threshold increases. Hearing is reduced, so the person begins to speak in raised tones. The period of excitement is usually replaced by drowsiness. In this state, crimes are often committed, the circumstances of which are difficult for a person to remember later.

Fourth stage – severe intoxication

The concentration of ethyl alcohol in the blood is from 3 to 5 ppm. A person loses the ability to walk and even stand. Vomiting may begin, the reaction to external stimuli disappears completely. There is a disturbance of consciousness, the drinker falls into a stupor.

This phase is characterized by gross neurological disorders. This threatens with severe complications, even death. The development of alcoholic coma is great. Heart rhythm, breathing are disturbed, convulsive (like epileptic) seizures are possible. Complete amnesia develops, it is unrealistic to help a person at home, you need to call doctors.

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Why you should not drink alcohol on an empty stomach?

The most important thing to do before taking the first dose is to eat well. Alcohol consumed on an empty stomach has many harmful effects. So alcohol not only accelerates the onset of intoxication, but also negatively affects the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract. If there are digestive problems, they get worse and lead to new ones. The less a person eats, the worse it is for the stomach, the higher the degree of mucosal damage and the lower the speed of its recovery.

Also among the reasons why you should not drink alcohol on an empty stomach is the possibility of alcohol shock and an unconscious form of intoxication. You should eat first, then drink a little and take long breaks between sips. In other words, there should be less alcohol and the intervals between its consumption should be longer.

Drinking alcohol on an empty stomach means increasing its toxic effect on the body. Thus, we lower blood sugar levels, which leads to hypoglycemia. In this state, a person becomes irritable, dizzy, tremors appear in the body, he is overcome by a feeling of hunger, which often leads to overeating. Many alcoholic beverages are high in calories and carbohydrates. Their use causes a desire to eat something harmful and greasy.

It is better to start drinking an hour after a meal or in parallel with a meal. Food slows down the entry of alcohol into the small intestine, where it is absorbed, and reduces all negative effects by facilitating the removal of toxins from the body.

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