Andean fortifications – why they were built – photo

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The Andes Mountains are home to medieval settlements known as pucaras, which means “fortress” in the Quechua language. Previously, scientists believed that they were built for protection, but new research refutes this.

Scientists have delved into the mysteries of ancient settlements known as pucaras located in the Andean highlands. Pucaras, which mean fortress in the Quechua and Aymara languages, were built on natural barriers such as hills and ridges during the late medieval period (1000-1450 AD), Heritage Daily writes.

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Andes, history, middle ages, archaeology, research, archaeologists, pucara, fortification, fort, region, mountains, landscape, lake


Photo: Antiquity

Scholars believe that the need for these fortified sites arose due to social and environmental factors, which led to a period of conflict in the late medieval period. However, because previous studies focused on larger fortifications, smaller ones were neglected.

The researchers conducted three systematic satellite imaging projects, as well as targeted ground verification and preliminary field studies, covering a huge area of ​​151,103 km2 of the southern Andes Mountains.

Thus, scientists discovered 1,249 pukars in satellite images. What is surprising is that there were a surprisingly large number of uninhabited pukars – 567, which is only slightly less than inhabited ones (682).


The first one so preserved and complete: in London, scientists discovered a burial bed of the ancient Romans (photo)

The results of the study showed that pucaras are concentrated in certain areas, such as the Lake Titicaca basin and the Colca Valley, and in significant numbers in parts of the southern and central Andes. This discovery contradicts the generally accepted belief that pukaras are built primarily for defense.

Previously Focus wrote about the ring of unknown princes of Denmark. Scientists believe that they were associated with the ruling dynasty of France in the 5th century.

We also talked about how a Bulgarian tractor driver “helped” find ancient Roman burials. Thanks to chance, scientists discovered numerous artifacts.


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